Women have long worked in agriculture, but often as unpaid family labour. The rise of supermarket retailing, however, is contributing to the transformation of agriculture. Initially concentrated in developed countries, supermarkets are now growing rapidly within Africa, Asia and Latin America. Production for supermarkets is generating opportunities for female employment, accessing this employment can bring many opportunities for women, but also new forms of vulnerability. This paper discusses these new trends in agriculture and the opportunities and vulnerabilities in brings to women. It concludes with a discussion on the global response to this and the policy challenge of how to enhance decent work for women working in high value agriculture.