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Year: 2013 Type: Book Chapter Language: English

In this conclusion, we discuss both the advantages and disadvantages of the marginal position that feminists working in international development bureaucracies find themselves in. Using their creativity and agency as 'tempered radicals' they seek to turn the disadvantages of marginality - such as a sense of powerlessness and reduced visibility - into advantages, as they try to take forward the women's rights agenda.

This chapter draws together the insights shared in this book to present a partial checklist for an effective political strategy: building internal and external alliances; leveraging outside pressure; creating win-win situations; preparing for and seizing political opportunities; and coping with bureaucratic pressure. In the end, feminists who believe that international development organisations have a responsibility for supporting pathways of women's empowerment, have to find ways of living with the contradictions of their positions within bureaucracies in order to be effective and to advance the cause in which they so passionately believe.

Resource is unavailable online, but can be viewed at the British Library of Development Studies in Brighton,