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Countries | Hunger and Nutrition Commitment Index Countries – Hunger and Nutrition Commitment Index

Key data for Afghanistan

NCI30th HRCI44th HANCI37th
HANCI compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 38.2% Wasting: 5.1% Proportion of population underweight: 5.1% Source: Government of Afghanistan (Afghanistan Health Survey,2018)

Strong Performance

  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Afghanistan promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 93% of children in 2018.
  • In Afghanistan, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • The Government of Afghanistan has not ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is weak and land markets do not function well. This has been the case for an extended period.
  • In Afghanistan, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Afghanistan’s medium/long term national development policy (Afghanistan national peace and development framework (ANPDF)) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Policymakers in Afghanistan do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2015.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (26.2% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Afghanistan only 65.2% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2018.
  • In Afghanistan, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Afghanistan are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (42.3% in 2015) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
Very Weak201945th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
Functioning of social protection systems
Weak2018Joint 40th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
Weak2016Joint 30th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
In Law, not in Practice2019Joint 3rd
Equality of women’s economic rights
Not in Law2019Joint 16th
Constitutional right to social security
Yes2008Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
Sectoral only2019Joint 24th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
93%2018Joint 7th
Government promotes complementary feeding
Yes2019Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
Population with access to improved sanitation
Health care visits for pregnant women
Nutrition features in national development policy
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
Yes2019Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
Yes2019Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
Yes2019Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
No2015Joint 39th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
Fully Enshrined2019Joint 1st