This site is now archived and some of the functionality may not work.
Countries | Hunger and Nutrition Commitment Index Africa Countries – Hunger and Nutrition Commitment Index Africa


Key data for Zimbabwe

NCI23rd HRCI9th HANCI13th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 23.5% Wasting: 2.9% Proportion of population underweight: 2.9% Source: Government of Zimbabwe (MICS,2019)

Strong Performance

  • Zimbabwe has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Zimbabwe benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2018-2019.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Zimbabwe promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Zimbabwe 93.3% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2019.
  • In Zimbabwe, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (4% of public spending in 2019), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • In Zimbabwe, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Zimbabwe’s medium/long term national development policy (Zimbabwe Medium Term Plan) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Zimbabwe does not yet have a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • The Government of Zimbabwe has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 40% of children in 2018.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (36.7% in 2019) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • Social safety nets in Zimbabwe are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (48.7% in 2019) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
4%201924th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
15.2%20171st
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate2019Joint 21st
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201920th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
48.7%201934th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2018Joint 25th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Strong2016Joint 1st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2019Joint 3rd
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2019Joint 9th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2017Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only2019Joint 16th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
40%201835th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
77.1%201929th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
36.7%201921st
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
93.3%201920th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2011-201539th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
No2019Joint 33rd
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2019Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2019Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2018-2019Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully Enshrined2019Joint 1st