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Countries | Hunger and Nutrition Commitment Index Africa Countries – Hunger and Nutrition Commitment Index Africa


Key data for Niger

NCI25th HRCI7th HANCI13th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 48.5% Wasting: 14.1% Proportion of population underweight: 14.1% Source: Government of Niger (SMART,2018)

Strong Performance

  • Spending on agriculture (10.1% of public spending in 2018) meets government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Niger’s medium/long term national development policy (Plan de Développement Economique et Social) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Niger instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • The Government of Niger promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Niger, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Niger’s spending in its health sector (9.7% of public spending in 2017) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Niger, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Policymakers in Niger do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2012.
  • The Government of Niger has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 64% of children in 2018.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (65.2% in 2017) and an improved sanitation facility (13.6% in 2017) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Niger.
  • Social safety nets in Niger are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (63.9% in 2012) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
10.1%20187th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
9.7%2017Joint 14th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate2019Joint 17th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate2019Joint 21st
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
63.9%201228th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2018Joint 25th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Strong2019Joint 1st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2019Joint 3rd
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law2019Joint 16th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2016Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes2019Joint 1st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
64%2018Joint 23rd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2016Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
65.2%201742nd
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
13.6%201742nd
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
82.8%201237th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong2017-20212nd
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2019Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2019Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2019Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No2012Joint 37th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Few Aspects Enshrined2019Joint 27th