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Countries | Hunger and Nutrition Commitment Index Africa Countries – Hunger and Nutrition Commitment Index Africa

Key data for Eswatini

NCI44th HRCI37th HANCI43rd
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 25.5% Wasting: 2% Proportion of population underweight: 2% Source: Government of Eswatini (MICS,2014)

Strong Performance

  • Eswatini has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • The Government of Eswatini promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Eswatini 98.5% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2014.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (2.5% of public spending in 2018), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Eswatini’s spending in its health sector (10% of public spending in 2017) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Eswatini, the law does not give women legal access to agricultural land equal to men. Men and women have equal economic rights, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Eswatini’s medium/long term national development policy (National Development Plan. Towards Economic Recovery ) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Eswatini does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Eswatini does not yet have a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Eswatini do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government of Eswatini has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Eswatini has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 33% of children in 2017.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (58.4% in 2017) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Eswatini, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Eswatini are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
10%2017Joint 10th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
Access to agricultural research and extension services
Moderate2013Joint 27th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
Functioning of social protection systems
Weak2020Joint 25th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
Weak2016Joint 29th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
Not in Law2019Joint 39th
Equality of women’s economic rights
In Law, not in Practice2019Joint 9th
Constitutional right to social security
No2005Joint 26th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
No2019Joint 39th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
33%2017Joint 37th
Government promotes complementary feeding
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
Population with access to improved sanitation
Health care visits for pregnant women
Nutrition features in national development policy
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
No2019Joint 33rd
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
Yes2019Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
Yes2019Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
No2014Joint 37th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
Not Enshrined in Law2019Joint 33rd