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Countries | Hunger and Nutrition Commitment Index Africa Countries – Hunger and Nutrition Commitment Index Africa

Key data for Democratic Republic of the Congo

NCI21st HRCI34th HANCI27th
HANCI-Africa compares 45 African countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 42.7% Wasting: 8.1% Proportion of population underweight: 8.1% Source: Government of Democratic Republic of the Congo (DHS,2013)

Strong Performance

  • Relative to other HANCI countries, DR Congo’s medium/long term national development policy (Second generation growth and poverty reduction strategy paper (GPRSP II)) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • DR Congo instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • DR Congo has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in DR Congo benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2017-2018.
  • The Government of DR Congo promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In DR Congo, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (5.9% of public spending in 2019), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • DR Congo’s spending in its health sector (3.3% of public spending in 2017) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • The Government of DR Congo has not ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is weak and land markets do not function well.
  • Extension services are the preserve of government and poor farmers have no say in setting policy priorities. The agricultural research and extension system is not properly reaching out to poor farmers. There is no policy promoting gender equity in access to extension services.
  • In DR Congo, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • DR Congo does not yet have a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (55.2% in 2017) and an improved sanitation facility (20.5% in 2017) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in DR Congo.
  • The Government of DR Congo does not provide social safety nets.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (24.6% in 2013-2014) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
Weak2019Joint 43rd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
24.6%2013-2014Joint 40th
Functioning of social protection systems
Very Weak2018Joint 44th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
Strong2019Joint 1st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
In Law, not in Practice2019Joint 27th
Equality of women’s economic rights
Not in Law2019Joint 16th
Constitutional right to social security
Yes2011Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
Yes2019Joint 1st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
Government promotes complementary feeding
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
Population with access to improved sanitation
Health care visits for pregnant women
Nutrition features in national development policy
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
No2019Joint 33rd
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
Yes2019Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
Yes2019Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
Yes2017-2018Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
Many Aspects Enshrined2019Joint 13th