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Policy and advocacy for sanitation

Hygiene and health: systematic review of handwashing practices worldwide and update of health effects

The purpose of this article was to obtain key inputs for the development of the first regional and global estimates of handwashing with soap following faecal exposure, in
view of updating the estimates of the burden of disease for the impact of this behaviour on diarrhoeal disease. The authors systematically reviewed the prevalence of the relevant hand dhygiene practices worldwide and updated the evidence linking hand hygiene practices to the prevention of diarrhoea. In both cases, they present adjusted estimates

Date: 12 June 2014

Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water: Forgotten Foundations of Health

Every year, around 2.4 million deaths worldwide (4.2% of all deaths) could be prevented if everyone practised appropriate hygiene and had good, reliable sanitation and drinking water. The majority of these deaths are children in developing countries dying from diarrhoea and subsequent malnutrition, and from other diseases attributable to malnutrition.
How is an opportunity to prevent so many deaths (and 6.6% of the global burden of disease in terms of disability-adjusted life years or DALYs failing to attract the attention of the international public health community?

Date: 12 June 2014

Burden of disease from inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene in low- and middle-income settings: a retrospective analysis of data from 145 countries

The results of this analysis confirm the importance of improving water and sanitation in low- and middle-income settings for the prevention of diarrhoeal disease burden. The article also highlights the need for better data on exposure and risk reductions that can be achieved with provision of reliable piped water, community sewage with treatment and hand hygiene.

Read and download this article

Date: 12 June 2014

The battle for toilets and minds

Sanitation experts have long known that latrine use is what is needed, and that this is not always implied by mere latrine construction in rural India. The SQUAT (Sanitation Quality Use Access and Trends) survey conducted by the Research Institute for Compassionate Economics (rice) shows clearly that it's behaviour change not hardware that's the issue. 

Read more in The Hindu, 9th June2014

The cost of a knowledge silo: a systematic re-review of water, sanitation and hygiene interventions

Divisions between communities, disciplinary and practice, impede understanding of how complex interventions in health and other sectors actually work and slow the development and spread of more effective ones. This hypothesis was tested by re-reviewing a Cochrane-standard systematic review (SR) of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions’ impact on child diarrhoea morbidity: can greater understanding of impacts and how they are achieved be gained when the same papers are reviewed jointly from health and development perspectives?

Date: 5 June 2014

Open defecation level drops in Ghana

According to the Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP), the rate of open defecation in Ghana has dropped by 5% in the last two years. Speaking on ‘Clean Communities’ on the Joy News channel on Multi TV, Emmanuel Addai stated that, “figures that came out in 2012 said open defecation rates in Ghana was 24%, but the estimated figure for 2014, from the source, the Joint Management Programme (JMP), is 19%.” The Environmental Health and Sanitation Directorate of the Ministry of Local Government and Rural development has attributed the result to the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) programme.

Sanitation cartoons- results from a SuSanA and GIZ competition

SuSanA and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) held a sanitation-themed cartoon competition. The spirit of the competition was to create cartoons which would get people to laugh and talk about sanitation - towards breaking the taboo around sanitation! The winners and other entries are now featured in this cartoon gallery- serious fun!


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