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Sanitation in Small Towns: Experience from Mozambique

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WASH services in small towns are frequently neglected by all branches of government due to lack of capacity, unclear mandates, low budgets and lack of feasible options to provide services. Typical high-tech infrastructure solutions are neither feasible nor affordable for these contexts. Progress towards MDG- and sanitation-specific targets in sub-Saharan Africa is much higher in urban areas. However such achievements often mask a disparity between the rich and poor in urban contexts and between major urban cities and small towns or rural centres. This is reflected in the relatively higher indicators of deprivations in small towns compared to urban centres. Mozambique initiated a small towns WASH programme in Nampula Province in 2012 targeting 5 small towns.

Download the Field Note

This Field Note is part of the UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa Sanitation and Hygiene Learning Series, designed to improve knowledge of best practice and lessons learnt in sanitation and hygiene programming across the Region. The series has been funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundationin support of improved knowledge management in the sanitation sector. The documents in this series cover the following topics:

  •             CLTS at-scale
  •             Small towns sanitation
  •             Mobile-enabled sanitation and hygiene programming
  •             Regional supply chains for sanitation
  •             Sanitation marketing
  •             Handwashing with soap
  •             CLTS in fragile contexts
Date: 20 July 2015