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Preliminary Documentation and Evaluation of the Sanitation Component of the “One Million Initiative”/Documentação Preliminar CLTS - Iniciativa Um Milhão

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The One Million Initiative is a six year programme partnership between the Dutch Government and UNICEF that aims to support the efforts of the Mozambique Government to ensure adequate water supply and sanitation and the adoption of improved hygiene practices for a million rural people in 18 districts, of which 6 are in Tete province, 6 in Sofala province and 6 in Manica province.

After the use of PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation) methodology through NGOs contracted by the districts failed to bring the desired results in the programme’s sanitation and hygiene promotion activities, it was decided to introduce CATS (Community Approach for Total Sanitation), In Mozambique, this has taken the form of a combination of CLTS with a system of awards/prizes.

An evaluation conducted in April 2009 showed that the majority of ODF communities were able to recount the CLTS triggering process, particularly the demonstration of the fecal contamination of food. The latrines built in the ODF communities were still in use 4 months after they were awarded ODF status, and collapsed latrines had been rebuilt. This clearly indicates that the prizes were not necessarily the motivation for ODF, but rather a combination of CLTS triggering and persuasion by the community leaders.

Amaka Godfrey, May 2009

Also available in Portuguese
Documentação Preliminar CLTS Iniciativa Um Milhão

Date: 30 April 2010