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Building ODF communities through effective collaboration with government

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In 1986 the Government of India launched the Central Rural Sanitation Programme (CRSP), the first nationwide sanitation programme. In 2001, the CRSP was overhauled with the introduction of the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC). In 2007, the TSC was renamed Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA). NBA envisages providing individual household toilets to the Below Poverty Line and Identified Above Poverty Line households and providing school and community level sanitation. In 2014, the programme was again renamed and revised with benefits as Swachh Bharat Bhayian, with the ambition to make India ODF by 2019. However, the major focus is still on construction of toilets. Usage of toilets remains an issue. This paper shares  how to collaborate towards making ODF communities and going beyond construction of toilets.  

Download this paper by Anjali Tripathy which was presented at the 39th International WEDC Conference in Kumasi, Ghana in July 2016.

Date: 5 September 2016