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Taking Community-led Total Sanitation to Spread: Movement, Spread and Adaptation

When a practice becomes widespread enough, then it has ‘gone to scale’. But
increasing the intensity and spread of a particular practice is not a linear or obvious

The paper proposes that going to scale is multi-dimensional and complex. It focuses
on Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS): an innovation in participatory methodology, as well as a unique approach to sanitation. The paper describes how CLTS offers important lessons to understand spread which is critical for scaling up in an effective way. The main argument is that spread and adaptation are important aspects of scaling up, which is often neglected in the literature.

Date: 17 December 2008


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