a) During the inception phase from August 2011 to September 2012 we scoped social protection interventions in our four focal countries that are amenable to an assessment of their impact on undernutrition.
Direct interventions are necessary but not sufficient to reduce maternal and child malnutrition. DFID (2010) estimates that direct interventions will not address two-thirds of stunting prevalence. Broader-based “indirect” interventions, capable of addressing underlying drivers of undernutrition, are needed. This study, completed in February of 2013, identified social protection interventions in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kenya, and India that can be assessed for their impact on the basic causes of undernutrition. The social protection interventions reviewed included insurance, cash and food transfers, and services such as maternal and child health and nutrition programs, among others. The study was led by John Hoddinott of IFPRI.