Our Work

In this section you will find links to the full text of the legal case studies, policy audits, literature reviews, synthesis reports and other publications from the Sexuality, Poverty and Law Programme at IDS.


Religion, Gender and Sexuality Workshop Report: 1–5 June 2015, Garden Court Hotel, Eastgate, Johannesburg

Marks, B. with Charles, T., Mills, E. and McEwen, H.
IDS Evidence Report 162

The Religion, Gender and Sexuality workshop provided a space for faith leaders and those engaging with faith institutions to discuss successes, challenges and learning around sexual diversity and gender justice. In sharing their knowledge and experience, and through a range of facilitated discussions on the themes discussed in this report, the participants were able to collectively build on their knowledge, skills and awareness linked to gender and sexuality.

Sexuality, Development and Non-conforming Desire in the Arab World: The Case of Lebanon and Egypt

Mohamed, M.S.
IDS Evidence Report 158

This report focuses on the rights of sexual and gender nonconformists in Egypt and Lebanon. It explores the somewhat similar social attitudes towards sexual and gender nonconformity and follows the divergent trajectories of both countries with regards to sexual rights activism. 

‘Leave No One Behind’: Gender, Sexuality and the Sustainable Development Goals

Mills, E.
IDS Evidence Report 154

This report is based on a review of empirical literature and primary research on sexuality, gender and development. In mapping these findings against the Sustainable Development Goal framework, the report highlights that unless deliberate steps are taken at an international and national level, billions of people will be excluded from the benefits of international development because of their sexual orientation and gender identity.

Developing More Effective Strategies for Sex Work, Law and Poverty

Overs, C.
IDS Policy Briefing 101

This policy brief highlights many issues around the welfare of female sex workers in low-income countries and places them within the wider context and discussion around sexuality and development and calls for further research and action in three key areas: economic empowerment programmes, legal recognition and biomedical HIV prevention.

Sexuality, Poverty and the Law: A Case Study Approach for Exploring Avenues of Change

Mills, E; Munslow, T
IDS Evidence Report 153

This paper explores the challenge of using practice-based evidence gathered with civil society organisations – and agencies that support them – to learn more about the impact of policy-related work. Specifically, it uses the work undertaken in the Sexuality, Poverty and Law programme and focuses on one case study that looked at sex workers’ experiences of economic empowerment programmes in Ethiopia.

Sexuality and Social Justice: What’s Law Got to Do with It? International Symposium Workshop Report

Lalor, K., Haste, P. and Vaast, C.

IDS Evidence Report 145.

This report documents the work of an international symposium, held in March 2015, and brought together by the Sexuality, Poverty and Law programme. It was attended by over 60 activists, lawyers, researchers and international advocates to critically assess the scope of law and legal activism for achieving social justice for those marginalised because of their sexual or gender non-conformity.


Sexuality and Poverty Synthesis Report

Hawkins, K., Wood, S., Charles, T., He, X., Li, Z., Lim, A., Mountian, I. and Sharma, J.
IDS Evidence Report 53.

This report synthesises learning from these audits and is part of a larger project that focuses on understanding the links between sexuality, gender plurality and poverty with the aim of improving socioeconomic policy and programming to support people marginalised because of their sexuality

Sexuality and the Law: Case studies from Cambodia, Egypt, Nepal and South Africa. Synthesis.

Waldmam, L., & Overs, C.
IDS Evidence Report 49

This paper provides a synthesis of five case studies on the relationship between sexuality and law

A Critical Analysis of Public Policies on Education and LGBT Rights in Brazil.

Mountain, I.
Evidence Report No. 61.

This audit analyses key aspects of public policies in education and sexuality in Brazil, which have been designed as part of the wider programme Brazil Without Homophobia (BWH – Programa Brasil sem Homofobia), launched in 2004. Tackling homophobia and its cultural and social effects has been highlighted by a number of authors as an important policy strategy

Policy Audit: A heteronormativity audit of RMSA - a higher education programme in Indian schools.

Evidence Report No. 47

This report shares the findings of a sexuality and gender audit of a national government programme to strengthen secondary school education in India



Jjuuko, A. and Tumwesige, F.
Evidence Report 44

Uganda’s Anti-Homosexuality Bill (AHB) 2009 was controversial right from the time of its inception. This report explores the legal application of the bill and its wider implications. 

'Marriage Above All Else': The Push for Heterosexual, Nuclear Families in the Making of South Africa's White Paper on Families

Charles, T.
Evidence Report 41

This report comments on the policymaking processes that led to the development of the White Paper on Families as it exists in its current iteration (November 2012).

From Sex Work to Entertainment and Trafficking: Implications of a Paradigm Shift for Sexuality, Law and Activism in Cambodia

Overs, C.
Evidence Report 23

This case study describes and examines the impact of the changes brought about by the new legislation in Cambodia against sex work.

Policy Audit: Social Protection Policies and Urban Poor LBTs in the Philippines

Lim, A.M., Jordan, C.M.
Evidence Report 21

LGBT discourses worldwide have tended to focus on marriage equality at the expense of other equally pressing but sometimes ‘less sexy’ concerns such as gender-based discrimination and violence, and poverty among sexual minorities.

Development, Discourse and Law: Transgender and Same-Sex Sexualities in Nepal

Boyce, P. & Doyle, D.
Evidence Report 13

This report presents research conducted in Nepal between November 2012 and January 2013 aimed at exploring the legal, social and economic context pertaining to sexual and gender minority rights.

'Politically Motivated Sexual Assault and the Law in Violent Transitions: A Case Study from Egypt'.

Tadros, M.
Evidence Report 8

This case study is about the use of sexual violence against women and men in order to deter the opposition from engaging in protests and demonstrations in a context of a country in transition, Egypt.

A Progressive Constitution Meets Lived Reality: Sexuality and the Law in South Africa

Lewin, T., Williams, K. and Thomas, K.
Evidence Report 7

This paper examines two cases of homophobic hate crime in post-apartheid South Africa. It illuminates how activists have used the legal system to address the violence faced by many lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer or intersex (LGBTQI) South Africans.

Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights of Women Living with HIV in South Africa

Muller, A. and MacGregor, H.
Evidence Report 3

South Africa's constitutional and legal framework reflects the country's commitment to women's Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) in line with international commitments. Nevertheless, women's rights are still abused and overlooked.

Creative Nepal - Expressions of Sexuality and Gender

This website is the product of research that was conducted by members of Nepal’s sexual and gender minorities in collaboration with Paul Boyce and Daniel Coyle in December 2012 as part of a larger research funded by the Institute of Development Studies on Sexuality and Law in different countries around the world. More details

Literature Review on Sexuality and Poverty.

Oosterhoff, P., Waldman, L. and Olerenshaw, D.
IDS Evidence Report 55.