Country profiles

  • South Africa continues to be a nation that is celebrated for producing one of the most progressive constitutions in the world.
  • Compared with the situation in neighbouring countries, state-sponsored homophobia appears negligible in Rwanda, and violent attacks are minimal.
  • After decades as the so-called ‘sick man of Asia’, the Philippines has adopted the export-driven model of economic development followed by wealthier Asian countries and has begun to address the pervasive corruption that has perennially deterred investment.
  • In 2014, its 67th year as a sovereign country with a population of 1.21 billion (Government of India 2011a), India is the second most populous country in the world, the most populous democracy and has the longest written constitution among all sovereign countries.
  • While there are indications of shifts in sexual attitudes and behaviour, mainstream Chinese culture remains strongly heteronormative, and those who do not conform to the privileged status of the heterosexual male experience restrictions in terms of sexual autonomy and sexual expression.
  • Since the early days of Brazilian democratisation in the 1980s, public policies in a wide range of sectors, including education, have increasingly involved a wide web of social actors.
  • Varying circumstances and socioeconomic livelihoods in respect of gender and sexual difference are evident in contemporary Nepal, where over the past 15 years or so significant advances have been made in terms of legal recognition of sexual rights, while many issues pertaining to the marginalisa
  • Ethiopia’s strong economic growth and geopolitical situation has limited the influence of other countries, donors and agencies in respect of human rights and economic or social policy in the country.