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SDG 17: Strengthen implementation & global partnerships for development
To work towards inclusive development that addresses social exclusion, development actors need to shape and implement development policies that ensure:
- That all people irrespective of their sexuality and gender identity are actively protected against social, economic and political forms of discrimination.
- That health, education, and social protection resources that contribute towards individual wellbeing and overall socioeconomic development are made available to all those in need, leaving no one behind.
- This case study presents five examples of the violation of sexual and reproductive health rights of women living with HIV, and explores the underlying causes and dynamics.
- The review presents a number of key recommendations for South African activists, the South African government, and international donors such as measures to harmonise existing policies to fit the needs of women living with HIV
- Establish and institutionalise rights-based training for health care workers and to institute redress mechanisms for women whose rights have been violated
- SOGIE rights should advocates challenge the ‘victim’ discourse in migration and highlight the impact of increased financial independence on the exercise of SOGIE rights.
- Policymakers, development actors and researchers investigate the links among SOGIE, labour and migration, and conduct further studies that can measure the impact of financial independence on the exercise of SOGIE rights
- The Philippine government should immediately enact an anti-discrimination law that covers workplace discrimination based on SOGIE, and penalises the imposition of genderconformity crite
- In the South African legal context, hate crimes are not yet recognised as a specific category, despite high levels of physical and sexual assault based on sexual orientation or gender identity.
- Homophobia, conservatism and a weak rule of law have made it difficult for gay, lesbian and transgender people to realise their rights as enshrined in the South African Consitution.
The difficulty of collecting evidence as there is no 'complainant' for sex between consenting adults;
The punishment is 'disproportionate' under criminal law as there is no vicitm of the 'crime' of homosexuality between consenting adults.
Prostitution is not explicitly criminalised and sex work is wide-spread and conducted with relative openness.
The vast majority of sex workers are 'undocumented' which means they do not have access to basic services like healthcare and education, land rights and water, and the right to vote, open a bank account, or register a marriage or birth.
Produced by the Institute of Development Studies
Interactions is published under an open attribution unported CC-BY licence, which permits re-use, distribution and reproduction, provided the original authors and source are credited.
Interactions for Gender Justice
Interactions keep you up to date with research processes and policy-relevant findings as they happen. Each guide brings an in-depth view about the processes and outcomes of research in action,