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SDG 11: Make cities and settlements inclusive & safe
To work towards inclusive development that addresses social exclusion, development actors need to shape and implement development policies that ensure:
- That all people irrespective of their sexuality and gender identity are actively protected against social, economic and political forms of discrimination.
- That health, education, and social protection resources that contribute towards individual wellbeing and overall socioeconomic development are made available to all those in need, leaving no one behind.
- Law-makers and policymakers at the national level should involve people with disabilities and grass-roots organisations in the consultation processes, to guarantee their needs and desires are represented and reflected in the policies and laws that are relevant to them
- Local and regional ministries that are responsible for implementing national policies should integrate education on sexual and reproductive health and rights across national policies and provide better access to sexual health resources for people with disabilities
- NGOs and the civil society sector working
- Facilitate awareness-generation sessions on psycho-social, medical and legal processes involved in feminisation/masculinisation (gender identity change, sexual reassignment surgery, hormonal therapy) for transgender people
- Facilitate continuing initiatives that train and handhold people in negotiating the rules and regulations (paperwork) in applying for and accessing social security schemes, including timely follow-up
- Support community discourse42 on issues of gender, sexuality and human rights to generate awareness and address self-stigma among people with non-normat
- SOGIE rights should advocates challenge the ‘victim’ discourse in migration and highlight the impact of increased financial independence on the exercise of SOGIE rights.
- Policymakers, development actors and researchers investigate the links among SOGIE, labour and migration, and conduct further studies that can measure the impact of financial independence on the exercise of SOGIE rights
- The Philippine government should immediately enact an anti-discrimination law that covers workplace discrimination based on SOGIE, and penalises the imposition of genderconformity crite
- Homosexuality is illegal in Ethiopia, same-sex behaviour is not prosecuted because the government views it as a low law enforcement priority
- The illegality of same-sex relations continues to drive and justify social and economic exclusion and human rights abuses of same-sex attracted people
- Homosexuality has never been criminalised and sexual orientation has been designated a 'private matter' by government
- Civil society organisations have some freedom to work on LGBT issues as long as they are aligned with the government's agenda
Philippine law does not criminalize consensual same-sex acts and the principle of equality and non-discrimination are enshrined in the Constitution.
However, homosexuality continues to be policed in other ways such as arbitrary arrest by rogue enforcement officers, discrimination in social protection policies and bullying within the education system.
Prostitution is not explicitly criminalised and sex work is wide-spread and conducted with relative openness.
The vast majority of sex workers are 'undocumented' which means they do not have access to basic services like healthcare and education, land rights and water, and the right to vote, open a bank account, or register a marriage or birth.
There is no mention of sexuality in the more than 50 laws, policies and regulations relating to disabled people in China.
A lack of legal framework and ongoing stigma attached to disability means that disabled people lack sexual autonomy and some may even face criminal prosecution for consensual sex with another disabled person.
Produced by the Institute of Development Studies
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