Displaying items 211 - 225 of 277 in total
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    Women In Local Government: The Pakistan Experience (Article)

    This article looks at women's representation in local government in Pakistan, focusing particularly on the introduction of a quota setting 33 per cent of the seats for women brought in under General Musharraf's Devolution of Power Plan in 2000. The article suggests that establishing a direct correlation between a woman's quota and regime type is problematic. It demonstrates a complex pattern of interaction on the issue by both the military and civilian regimes in Pakistan. Policies which have been brought in, informed both by political pragmatism and ideological continuity, have been wide ranging and almost contradictory in nature. …

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    Women In Local Government: The Pakistan Experience (Chapter)

    This chapter looks at women’s representation in local government in Pakistan, focusing particularly on the introduction of a quota setting 33 per cent of the seats for women brought in under General Musharraf’s Devolution of Power Plan in 2000. The article suggests that establishing a direct correlation between a woman’s quota and regime type is problematic. It demonstrates a complex pattern of interaction on the issue by both the military and civilian regimes in Pakistan. Policies which have been brought in, informed both by political pragmatism and ideological continuity, have been wide ranging and almost contradictory in nature. …

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    Women In Politics In Bangladesh

    Local Government reforms in Bangladesh in 1997 introduced direct elections to reserved seats for women. This replaced an earlier system of nomination. The change allowed women a direct link with their constituency, helping to increase their legitimacy as representatives. However restrictions on mobility, lack of knowledge about local government functions, male resistance, and the gendered nature of local level politics limit women’s effective participation in local politics. …

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    Women, Islam And Nation In Bengal, Inter-Asia Cultural Studies 12.2

    Women have always been central to the process of national identity formation in South Asia, and in the contests and contradictions with which such monolithic identity making is, of necessity, faced. It is hoped that the new scholarship will open up new ways of negotiating contested terrains, and will shed new light on the historical and cultural positioning of women in this process. In this article, Azim reviews two books that look at Islam and the politics of being Muslim in Bangladesh. The books concentrate on the construction of Islam or a Muslim polity as well as on the position of women within emerging structures. …

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    Women On The Move. Photo Essay, Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 10.3

    A photo-essay co-authored by Professor Firdous Azim and Samia Rahim from the Pathways South Asia Hub, published by the Inter-Asia Cultural Studies Journal. The essay is based on a travelling photography exhibition that was organised by the Hub in December 2007 which depicted the "Changing Images of Women in Bangladesh". …

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    Women, Paid Work and Empowerment in India

    Women’s participation in the workforce remains low in India. This low participation is apparently a cumulative outcome of a complex web of factors. Yet, why it continues to remain so low in the current changing economic and social environment is far from clear. Given the suggested association between paid work and women’s empowerment, higher participation rates may be desirable. …

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    Women's Dars and the Limitations of Desire: The Pakistan Case

    This chapter explores the impact that the Wahabi dars or teaching practice had on women’s lives in Pakistan. It draws on a study, undertaken simultaneously in Lahore and Dhaka, that sought to examine both discursive and spatial arrangements of the dars in order to understand what was drawing large numbers of women to these meetings, track the process of change from traditional practice and eclecticism of popular Islam to the certitudes and rigidities of the dars discourse and to mark the moments that initiated the move, if any, from acceptance of the status quo towards the possibility of choice and exercise of agency as a result of this engagement. …

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    Women's Empowerment: An Annotated Bibliography

    What is 'women's empowerment' and how can we measure it? How is the concept being used in policy and practice and what are the problems with existing approaches? This bibliography gathers together a range of resources which discuss women's empowerment from different perspectives in order to provide an accessible introduction to key concepts, approaches and debates. A summary is provided of each resource, along with a link to the full document where available. The bibliography is divided into four sections exploring definitions of 'women's empowerment'; current programmes to advance women's empowerment; approaches to measuring and evaluating women's empowerment; and critiques of existing theory and practice. …

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    Women's Empowerment And The Lady Health Worker Programme In Pakistan

    The present study explores the topic of empowerment through the experience of women in the Lady Health Workers Programme, a government-run project that employs almost 100,000 women across Pakistan as community health workers. The LHWP directly addresses women’s reproductive health needs by attempting to provide them information, basic services and access to further care if necessary. It is also a major employer of women, and therefore the experiences of LHWs can provide valuable insight into the impact of paid work on their lives and gender relations in their homes and communities. The discussion that follows will begin with some background information on women and paid work in Pakistan, followed by details of the LHWP, and an analysis of selected interviews with LHWs. …

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    Women's Empowerment: Contentions And Contestations

    Andrea Cornwall and Nana Akua Anyidoho critically examine empowerment in an introduction to how to go beyond mainstream interpretations of empowerment to discover what is happening in women’s lives that is bringing about positive change. …

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    Women's Empowerment Made Visual

    The author presents a case study of the digital storytelling (DST) project at the Pathways for Women’s Empowerment Research Consortium. Pathways undertook DST as a new research tool to articulate how women strategize and experience positive change in their daily lives in Bangladesh. She analyses the relation between DST and feminist research, and evaluates its capacity to represent women’s diverse experiences given the genre’s formalities and narrative preoccupations. This study aims to counteract the tendency within the DST movement to propagate digital stories as complete, “authentic” voices. …

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    Women's Empowerment Through Local Governance: Emerging Issues And Debates In Bangladesh

    This report, presented to the 'Pathways: What are we Learning?' Conference held in Cairo from 20-24 January 2009 is based on a study of women in Local Government in Bangladesh, and seeks to examine the levels, margins and boundaries of the re-definitions and contestations of the existing values, traditions and spaces of women both in the private and public sphere. The obstacles faced by women in doing so and their responses, as well as struggles, to overcome those also constituted a major focus of the study. The challenges of breaking into a restrictive system and the strategies and paths adopted by the councillors in carving out spaces are presented in this paper. Finally the report trenched out the emergence of new voices, spaces and the march of women towards the creation of structures, more amenable to social justice, equity and human needs. …

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    Women's Empowerment: What Do Men Have To Do With It?

    This panel session from the AWID Forum in Cape Town, November 2008 on engaging men in feminist struggles and movements sought to address how to engage men in feminist movements, why men question or give up their masculine images, and what is needed to mobilize men in feminist and social movements. …

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    Women's Empowerment: What Do Men Have To Do With It? Contestations, Issue 3

    Representations of men as perpetrator and patriarch have profoundly shaped the terms of gender and development’s engagement with masculinities discourse and practice. Many of those working in the field have remained hesitant, tentative, and often hostile to the notion that men might be potential allies in the struggle for gender justice. Even feminists broadly sympathetic to the principle of working with men tend to set out from the notion that all men everywhere are inherently part of the problem. And so efforts have focused on involving men, engaging men, inviting men in – usually on our terms. …

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    Women, Sexuality And The Political Power Of Pleasure, Zed Books

    Gender and development has tended to engage with sexuality only in relation to violence and ill-health. Although this has been hugely important in challenging violence against women, over-emphasizing these negative aspects has dovetailed with conservative ideologies that associate women’s sexualities with danger and fear. On the other hand, the media, the pharmaceutical industry, and pornography more broadly celebrate the pleasures of sex in ways that can be just as oppressive, often implying that only certain types of people - young, heterosexual, able-bodied, HIV-negative - are eligible for sexual pleasure. Women, Sexuality and the Political Power of Pleasure brings together challenges to these strictures and exclusions from both the South and North of the globe, with examples of activism, advocacy and programming which use pleasure as an entry point. …