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Year: 2011 Type: Book Chapter Language: English

In recent years, feminists in Bangladesh have faced many challenges. This chapter focuses on two major issues: the NGO-ization of feminist organisations and the generational divide within the movement; and provides new insights on the impact of NGO-ization and the possibilities of creating an intergenerational movement. Based on empirical data, we demonstrate that size, location and available resources make a difference to the impact of NGO-ization on feminist organisations, especially on their organisational autonomy, agency and accountability. We argue that while NGO-ization has diluted feminist political messages it has increased outreach and helped to transmit feminist messages into other spheres. We show that in the post NGO-ized phase, feminist organisations have tried to raise resources from diverse sources and have focused on mobilisation to counter funding constraints. The second issue is the generational shift within the movement. We argue that this is closely linked to NGO-ization, since this process emphasizes a more professional and monetised approach. This shift has affected the choice of specific issues around which young feminists mobilized and led to the opening of new modes and spaces for mobilisation. We argue that class positions and the rise of conservative religious forces will play important roles in determining the influences of this generational shift has and the possibilities of building an intergenerational movement.