Brazil has 9.1 million domestic workers. 95% of them are women, 60% are black. Many earn less than five dollars a day. Domestic workers began mobilising 90 years ago, but it was not until the return to democracy in 1985 when trades unions were allowed again, that domestic workers turned their association into a union. As a result of collective action, legislation was passed to extend labour benefits such as paid vacations, maternity leave and retirement benefits to domestic workers, with significant improvements in their work conditions. Under the progressive administration of President Lula da Silva, FENATRAD, the National Federation of Domestic Workers, became engaged in the development of different programmes to value domestic employment.