How do masculinities relate to men’s perceptions and perpetrations of violence against women? What do these gendered norms, identities and practices mean for violence prevention?
Social trends and gender norms
What is the relationship between unemployment and disempowerment for men in East Africa? How does this influence the construction of male identity and behaviour? What does this mean for the empowerment of women?
The informalisation and irregularity of work, and the feminisation of the global labour force are two critical outcomes of globalisation. What does the feminisation of the labour market mean for men and women’s experiences of gender equality? Women’s increased access to work reflects multiple interrelated influences: shifts towards gender equity such as increased access to education for women and girls interact with deepening inequalities such as growing levels of landlessness and increased costs of living for all.
Why should masculinity be considered in the theory and practice of micro-credit initiatives? Sharecropper women in Bangladesh have expressed the significance of their subordination within the multiple male-ordered spheres of extended family and village community.
What are the national structures that hinder and facilitate men’s unpaid work? The author proposes that national context, presented here as women's employment practices and policies, influences men's unpaid work behaviors by shaping the benefits of adapting, the terms of bargaining, and the ease of adhering to established gender ideologies and norms. She finds that men's unpaid work time increases with national levels of women's employment.
What is the importance of unpaid care in the fight for the economic empowerment of women and girls? And is unpaid care a factor in national policy agendas? There is a large amount of evidence about the extent of unpaid care work that women and girls do, and its contributions to both the economy and human development outcomes. However, since the bulk of care work falls to women and girls, the responsibilities can undermine their rights, and limit their opportunities, capabilities and choices, impeding their empowerment.
Does economic growth in itself contribute to gender equality? This resource ultimately suggests that the relationship between gender equality and economic growth is an asymmetrical one. Evidence implies that improvements in gender equality, particularly in education and employment, contribute to economic growth far more than economic growth contributes to gender equality, especially in terms of health, well being, and rights.
Promoting men’s participation in unpaid care work is an important step towards bringing about long-term sustainable gender equality. This study sought to understand the enabling childhood and adulthood factors that promote and encourage men’s involvement in caregiving. It uses quantitative research to present findings from 1169 men across six countries with children aged 0–4, and a qualitative study to present findings from in-depth interviews with 83 men engaged in atypical caregiving practices.
What is the role of migration in changing gender norms, and how is it hindering or helping gender equality? This collection of essays aims to help us understand the experience of migration on livelihoods, and the way in which migration is affecting gender relations and equity.
Are men evolving in their practices and attitudes related to gender equality? Changes in gender attitudes do seem to be happening as younger men and men with higher levels of education show more gender equitable attitudes and practices. The evidence is presented in this report summarizes the initial, comparative analysis of The International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES). IMAGES is a comprehensive household questionnaire that surveyed men’s attitudes and practices – along with women’s opinions and reports of men’s practices – on topics related to gender equality.