Social trends and gender norms

Societal norms and attitudes that favour gender equality
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Regional Curriculum on Transforming Masculinities towards Gender Justice

This curriculum is a capacity development resource to support members of the Regional Learning Community for East and Southeast Asia and other practitioners to challenge and transform patriarchal masculinities, more effectively promote gender equality and human rights and prevent violence. The report consists of eight chapters that present various themes related to masculinities and gender justice and provides learning activities that can be used in workshop settings. 

Engaging with Boys and Men to Address GBV and Masculinities: A Training Module

This training guide from Rozan, a Pakistan-based NGO, is designed for use by facilitators and programme planners who seek to engage young men in issues around gender-based violence and masculinities. It is designed as a 15 session series that can be run with groups of 10-25 men in community settings. The overall objectives are to help participants understand the structural influences in the constructions of masculinities and recognise its impact on issues such as health, gender roles and relationships. 

A More Equal Future: A MenCare Manual to Engage Fathers to Prevent Child Marriage in India

This manual has the aim of providing a safe and constructive space for men, their partners and daughters to critically reflect on the deeply imbedded cultural and gender norms that devaluate girls and hinder men’s participation as involved fathers. The manual was developed as part of a collaboration between World Vision and Promundo in response to the harmful norms and practices that underpin child marriage in India. 

Created in God’s Image - From Hegemony to Partnership. A Church Manual on Men as Partners: Promoting Positive Masculinities

This is a dynamic training manual for promoting equitable partnerships based on a theological and biblical framework that can be adapted to meet the needs of diverse communities and societies. The overall goal of the manual is to enable churches and social organisations to promote gender justice and partnership of women and men through the development of leaders, who model good examples. It is intended to make a significant contribution to justice and transformation in church and society.

Gender Equity and Diversity: Facilitator Manual. Module 501 Engaging Men and Boys for Gender Equality

This is a facilitator’s manual for training staff on how to engage men and boys in development programming, and how engaging men and boys for women’s empowerment benefits everyone. It includes a range of activities intended to explore practitioners’ understanding of where gender norms come from. Chapters covered include: ‘gender socialization’, ‘care-giving and fatherhood’, ‘power and violence and sexuality’. 

Engaging Boys and Men in Gender Transformation: The Group Education Manual

This is an educational manual for working with men to question and challenge harmful views about masculinity and to develop more positive attitudes to prevent unhealthy behaviours that put them and their partners and families at risk. It can also be used to train facilitators who will implement workshop activities with groups of men. Topics covered include ‘gender and power’, ‘sexuality’ and ‘substance use’.

A cluster randomized-controlled trial of a community mobilization intervention to change gender norms and reduce HIV risk in rural South Africa: study design and intervention

This paper describes the intervention design and implementation and presents the baseline findings of a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) of a two-year, theory-based community-mobilisation intervention that aimed to change gender norms and reduce HIV risk in rural Mpumalanga province, South Africa. It is among the first community approach RCTs to evaluate a gender transformative intervention, which should increase the potential for impact in desired outcomes and be useful for future scale-up if proven effective.  

Measuring Attitudes toward Gender Norms among Young Men in Brazil: Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the GEM Scale

This article describes the development and psychometric evaluation of the Gender-Equitable Men (GEM) Scale, a twenty-four-item scale to measure attitudes toward gender norms among young men. The selected key domains on gender norms, or scale items, are developed and relate to sexual and reproductive health, sexual relations, violence, domestic work, and homophobia. It was found that more support for equitable norms (i.e., higher GEM Scale scores) is significantly associated with less self-reported partner violence, more contraceptive use, and a higher education level. 

EMERGE Practice Brief: Lessons in good practice from work with men and boys for gender equality

This EMERGE practice brief pulls together lessons from good practice highlighted in the EMERGE case studies series. It will be useful for those designing and implementing projects, programmes and other initiatives to work with men and boys for gender equality. It addresses: how to focus or target an initiative with men and boys, designing a successful initiative, and challenges and future priorities.


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