Gender inequality remains a critical challenge and threatens to severely undermine progress towards the new Global Goals for Sustainable Development (SDGs). This continued challenge is recognised in the policies and commitments of various development agencies. But while many gender equality policies and programmes only target and work with women and girls, compelling evidence and experience shows that engaging men and boys in these processes is crucial for lasting change.
Sex, health and rights
This briefing highlights some implications for policy from the learning in the EMERGE project. It makes the case for reframing policy on gender equality in order to more productively factor in men and boys, and it suggests actions and approaches that policy makers can take to reframe policy in this area.
The Program HMD toolkit for action presents a shorter version of the approach contained in Promundo’s Programs H and M. This toolkit seeks to make the model accessible by providing learning activities and case studies for discussion, with the aim of increasing the number of teachers, facilitators, youth workers, coaches, and health workers who can become gender equality activists – engaging young people to achieve lives free of inequalities, discrimination, and violence, and with full access to and knowledge about sexual health and other health services.
SASA! is a community mobilisation intervention developed in Uganda to prevent VAW and HIV/AIDS. SASA! is an evidenced-based methodology that takes a gender relational approach by working at multiple social levels with a range of stakeholders. The approach moves beyond having a focus only on individual relationships, which has shown to impact the wider community rather than being limited to individual participants. The SASA! website provides various strategy, learning and advocacy resources.
This module is intended to build the skills of participants working to engage boys and men in gender-based violence prevention and reproductive health in conflict and other emergency-response settings. One outcome is to be able to identify action steps to integrate male-engagement activities into participants’ current programmatic work plans.
This is a manual for those working with men and boys on issues of gender and health including sexual and reproductive health, and more specifically on increasing access to safe and stigma free abortion services. It consists of five chapters designed for the facilitator to pick out the topics that are needed. The manual is developed to be used in workshop settings and also as a facilitation guide aimed at building the capacity of individuals and organisations to address specific sexual and reproductive health issues with men and boys.
This toolkit has been prepared to help organizations and governments to support the review of and update existing policies to ensure they fully engage men and boys to promote their positive roles in improving sexual and reproductive health – both their own and those of women and children. The toolkit explains why this is important and how to achieve it. It also highlights how engaging men in sexual and reproductive health and rights and HIV policies, is not simply a goal in its own right, but can help move towards the goal of gender equity.
This paper describes the intervention design and implementation and presents the baseline findings of a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) of a two-year, theory-based community-mobilisation intervention that aimed to change gender norms and reduce HIV risk in rural Mpumalanga province, South Africa. It is among the first community approach RCTs to evaluate a gender transformative intervention, which should increase the potential for impact in desired outcomes and be useful for future scale-up if proven effective.
This article describes the development and psychometric evaluation of the Gender-Equitable Men (GEM) Scale, a twenty-four-item scale to measure attitudes toward gender norms among young men. The selected key domains on gender norms, or scale items, are developed and relate to sexual and reproductive health, sexual relations, violence, domestic work, and homophobia. It was found that more support for equitable norms (i.e., higher GEM Scale scores) is significantly associated with less self-reported partner violence, more contraceptive use, and a higher education level.
It is important to identify appropriate gender-related measures for developing and evaluating interventions that aim to promote positive health outcomes by addressing the gender norms that function as barriers to health. Based on the work of a working group of experts, this online compendium offers a range of scales that measure gender norms, gender attitudes, women’s empowerment and other aspects of gender for studying the relationship between gender and health outcomes.