The Impact Initiative has closed. This website has now been archived and will no longer be updated.
The Impact Initiative has closed. This website has now been archived and will no longer be updated.

Ethnic Minority Underdevelopment in Vietnam

Research Partners:


Photo: Mountain market, Vietnam. Photo credit: ngorcwg/Flickr licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0


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Principal Investigator: Robert John Baulch. Lead Organisation: Institute of Development Studies

Co-investigator: Barry Michael Reilly

This project investigated why ethnic minority peoples have failed to share equally in the benefits of Vietnam’s recent rapid economic growth, despite the plethora of government programs designed to assist them.

The project combined rigorous quantitative analysis of three rounds of household survey data from the 1990s and early 2000s, with a qualitative review of the policy implementation process at different levels of government in three provinces. Innovative quantitative methods drawn from the recent literature on labour market micro-econometrics were used to investigate which ethnic groups are lagging behind and why the ethnic gap has widened over time.  The extent to which different ethnic minorities experience unequal treatment, both on average and at different points of the welfare distribution, were investigated together with whether the policies and programs introduced to promote ethnic minority development have functioned as intended.

The project’s objectives, emerging findings and policy conclusions were discussed extensively in a series of meetings and informal seminars for key stakeholders from the Government, donors and NGOs in Vietnam. This extensive user engagement strategy aimed to stimulate a dialogue around appropriate measures to promote ethnic minority development

Primary theme: 
Grant Reference: 
Project Status: 
Grant Category: 
Research Grant
Lead Organisation Department: 
Research Department
Fund Start Date: 
December 1st, 2006
Fund End Date: 
February 29th, 2008
Fund Currency Code: 
Fund Value: