BRIDGE Gender and Development in Brief. Issue 8: Trade Policy

Publisher: Institute of Development Studies UK
Publication Date: Jul 1999
What are the links between gender equity and trade? Research reveals that trade liberalisation has different impacts on women's and men's employment and conditions of work, and also has consequences for women's unpaid labour. How the gains or losses from tariff revenues, are distributed also raises gender questions. This issue of 'Development and Gender in Brief' highlights some of the effects that trade liberalisation has had on women workers, in particular home-based workers in the global garments industry, and women in Mexico after the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) came into force. It also looks at the need for analyses of the gender equity impacts of trade policies, and the potential for using the Trade Policy Review Mechanism of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) as an entry point for this purpose.